Learning how to breed clownfish at home is actually very easy, once you have the steps mastered. I have done it, you can too! Breeding clownfish for money also works too! There’s no better way than actually funding your #1 obsession by making it pay for itself!
Below is a common list of clownfish available today in the aquarium trade:
Percula (many variations, like zebra stripes, naked etc)
Ocellaris (similar to the percula and also bred for many variations)
This species is found in the Eastern Indian Ocean and in the western Pacific Ocean.As mentioned earlier, they can also be found in Northern Australia, Southeast Asia and Japan.
In the wild, Ocellaris typically lives in small groups on outer reef slopes or in sheltered lagoons at a maximal depth of 15 meters. It inhabits three different species of sea anemones: Heteractis magnifica, Stichodactyla gigantea and Stichodactyla mertensii and have symbiotic relationships with the anemone.
Ocellaris are reliant on sea anemone for shelter (they have a symbiotic relationship with the sea anemone). Sea anemone are protection for the fish and their nests. This is because when A. ocellaris are in the open waters, they have a higher risk of predation. It is postulated that the fanning behavior of the fish and removal of parasites promotes the health of sea anemones which contain A. ocellaris fish. In addition, the anemone provides protection for the fish with its tentacles, however, the fish’s mucus protection prevents it from being stung by the tentacles. The presence of the clownfish can be interpreted as a lure to attract potential anemone’s preys close to the tentacles. And the clownfish can also defend the anemone against some reef fishes which could eat the tentacles.
To be kept in an aquarium this species will do best in tanks of at least 110L or larger, with live rock to allow multiple choices for hiding places. They should be fed small amounts of food, such as staple marine flake food with occasional frozen mysis shrimp or other small crustacean, two to three times per day.
The protection of a host anemone is not required in an aquarium and attempting to keep either of the species of anemones commonly associated with this clownfish in a captive aquarium environment is not recommended, even for experienced aquarists. This is due to the poor survival rate of wild collected specimens and the overall shortened lifespans these normally centarian organisms often experience in captivity.
The Captive-Bred Red Saddle Clownfish is easy to breed in the home aquarium. The females will be the largest of the pair and the two fish will usually stay close to each other in the aquarium. Clownfish are egg layers and will deposit the eggs on a flat surface and defend the eggs from other tank mates. The eggs will normally hatch in 8-11 days depending on the water temperature. The fry must be reared in a separate aquarium on a diet of rotifers followed by baby brine shrimp. This Clownfish is an aggressive eater. It will accept most meaty foods and frozen herbivore preparations.
As a pet, many marine hobbyists agree that at least 80 L of tank volume is necessary for the fish, however others believe larger is necessary for this fish to have ample room for maneuvering. Many hobbyists use a quarantine tank prior to introduction into the main tank as it helps to rid the Tomato Clownfish of saltwater-borne diseases.
This species of fish thrives well even without a host anemone. In the absence of a host, it may “adopt” corals of a tank to reside. It will eat most meat or vegetable food preparations, including dried algae, mysis shrimp, and brine shrimp. The tomato clownfish has been reported to be aggressive and territorial when mature, and specimens have been known to be extremely aggressive even towards clownfishes of other species. For this reason, it is best kept singly or in mated pairs; some claim that it will cohabit with other clownfish varieties if they are introduced at the same time.The Tomato clownfish has successfully been bred and raised in captivity; the fry can be fed on baby brine shrimp and rotifers.
Cinnamon clownfish (Amphiprion melanopus) or fire clownfish is a widely distributed clownfish. It is chiefly found in the western and southern parts of the Pacific Ocean, but can also be found in more central parts of the Pacific Ocean. It is also encountered in the waters off northern and western Australia.
Cinnamon clownfish adults can grow to 12 cm, and the female is usually bigger than the male.
The cinnamon clownfish is a dark red to orange with a mahogany “saddle” on its back. Juveniles and adults have a white head band, which is wide and starts behind the eye, which turns a nice blue with age. The fins of the fish have a lighter color than the rest of the fish and can sometimes be a cinnamon color.
Clarkii clownfish is a small-sized fish which grows up to 10 cm as a male and 15 cm as a female. It is stocky, laterally compressed, and oval to rounded.
It is colorful, with vivid black, white, and yellow stripes, though the exact pattern shows considerable geographical variation. Usually it is black dorsally and orange-yellow ventrally, the black areas becoming wider with age.There are two vertical white bands, one behind the eye and one above the anus, and the caudal peduncle is white. The snout is orange or pinkish. The dorsal and tail fins are orange-yellow, and the tail fin is generally lighter in tone than the rest of the body, sometimes becoming whitish. Juveniles are orange-yellow with vertical white bands.
Maroon (this includes the gold banded as well)
Many hobbyists believe that a 115-litre tank is best for one fish or 230 litres for a pair. In the wild, it is strictly associated with the sea anemone Entacmaea quadricolor, and thus many hobbyists provide this species in addition to the fish. The maroon clownfish likes frozen shrimp and herbivore preparations.
Many hobbyists do not catch the fish using a net. The spines may get entangled in the net, which can injure the fish. Instead, hobbyists tend to use a cup.
The maroon clownfish is one of the larger, more aggressive members of the clown family. Consequently, they are typically housed singly, the only exception being a mated pair. To avoid aggression, maroon clownfish are not normally mixed with any other type of clownfish, and the rock work is rearranged periodically. Also, they are often the last fish added to a tank. They are human-responsive to the point of trying to “intimidate” people with whom they are not familiar.
The fish has successfully bred in a home aquarium.
The pink skunk clownfish or pink anemonefish, Amphiprion perideraion, is a skunk clownfish found from Tonga and the Great Barrier Reef in the west Pacific Ocean ,the Cocos and Christmas Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean and the Indo-Australian Archipelago. It inhabits reef lagoons and outer reef slopes, and lives amongst sea anemones for protection. It is known to be one of the smaller clownfish.
The orange skunk clownfish is a small sized fish which grows up to 11 cm as a female and 3 to 6.5 cm as a male. Its body has a stock appearance, oval shape, compressed laterally and with a round profile. Its coloration is very bright orange, with a white stripe on the dorsal ridge from the superior lip, passing between the eyes and ending at the caudal fin base. All the fins have the same coloration as the body except the dorsal fin which is partially white. Its iris is bright yellow.
The orange skunk clownfish is found in the center of the Indo-Pacific area, especially by the Philippines and Christmas Island. Other known locations include Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, Melanesia, and north to southern Japan.
Like many other anemonefish, or clownfish, the Fiji Barberi Clownfish will form a symbiotic relationship with larger anemones like Entacmaea quadricolor. The Fiji Barberi Clownfish is native to the reefs of Fiji, Tonga, and Samoa. To best recreate its natural habitat, house this Clownfish in larger marine systems with plenty of rockwork amongst which it can hide. Care also needs to be taken when choosing tankmates since the Fiji Barberi Clownfish is semi-aggressive and will intimidate shy or passive fish with its boisterous activity.
Red Sea Clownfish
The Red Sea (or two-banded) clownfish / anemonefish (Amphiprion bicinctus), meaning “both sawlike with two stripes,” is a clownfish of the family Pomacentridae.
Like other species of the genus, the fish feeds on algae and zooplankton in the wild.
The species comes from the Western Indian Ocean, the Red Sea, and the Chagos archipelago.
Monogamous pairs inhabit host anemones, usually on coral reefs. Host species include Entacmaea quadricolor, Heteractis aurora, Heteractis crispa, Heteractis magnifica, and Stichodactyla gigantea.
The sebae clownfish, Amphiprion sebae, is a very rare clownfish found in the northern Indian Ocean, which includes India, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives. They can be very aggressive as they get older, like all pomacentrids. They can grow to 12 cm. Clownfish are the most popular species to aquarists. They are the most sought after marine fish. These groups of organisms are classified in a hierarchy and are hermaphrodites. The biggest fish becomes the female and the second biggest becomes the dominant male. The remaining fish are juveniles. This species eat plankton, small invertebrates, and algae.
Although it is well known for its shared name with the sebae anemone, it is normally found with the saddle anemone.
That’s just a quick list of some of the more common species of clownfish available in the aquarium trade. If you manage to get your hands on something really rare, make the most of it and see how lucky you are with breeding them! Breeding clownfish at home is easy, and with some much variety, once you have the steps mastered you can have so much fun learning about the different species!